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Amongst them is British scholar Peter James who writes: By re-dating the beginning of the Iron Age in Palestine from the early 12th century BCE to the late 10th, a completely new interpretation of the archaeology of Israel can be offered: One which is in perfect harmony with the biblical record.(Centuries in Darkness by Peter James; Rutgers University Press, 1993, p.It is also essential to remember that traditional Jewish chronologies, (since the beginning of the Jewish calendar almost 6,000 years ago) have always been based on absolute and highly accurate astronomical phenomenon: the movement of the moon around the earth (months) and the earth around sun (years).
Accurate historical records were almost unheard of and every empire used its own calendar system which was often based on totally different criteria.
318.) In 6th century BCE, Assyrian king Tiglathpileser III strengthens Assyria and establishes it as a great empire to be reckoned with.
(Eventually, Assyria will even challenge the mighty Egypt.) He also introduces a very interesting way of dealing with conquered peoples. To pacify the lands they invade, the Assyrians take the indigenous people, move them someplace else, and bring others to take their place.
Contrary to what you might think, the chronology used by modern historians is far from exact.
It was not until the 20th century that the entire world recognized one universal calendar system -- the Christian calendar (also known as the Gregorian calendar).